10 Facts About Children’s Cardiomyopathy

10 Facts about Children’s Cardiomyopathy from the Children’s Cardiomyopathy Foundation

  1. Cardiomyopathy is a chronic illness of the heart muscle that causes the heart to decrease its ability to pump blood. In severe cases, it can lead to heart failure.
  2. There are five forms of cardiomyopathy: dilated (DCM), hypertrophic (HCM), restrictive (RCM), arrhythmogenic right ventricular (ARVC) cardiomyopathy, and left ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy (LVNC). Each of these forms is based on a different part of the heart muscle being affected.
  3. Cardiomyopathy can affect any child.
  4. Symptoms of cardiomyopathy may be different depending on the form of cardiomyopathy. For example, if a child has dilated cardiomyopathy, their symptoms may include shortness of breath, fatigue, and swelling in different areas of the body.
  5. Cardiomyopathy can be a genetically inherited disease, acquired from a viral infection, or caused by cancer chemotherapy.
  6. Cardiomyopathy is a chronic disease without any cure currently. 
  7. Cardiomyopathy is the leading cause for children needing to receive heart transplants.
  8. When Cardiomyopathy is undiagnosed, it can lead to a higher risk of a child experiencing a sudden cardiac arrest.
  9. Many children with Cardiomyopathy experience activity restrictions and psychosocial issues.
  10. Treating pediatric cardiomyopathy is complicated due to the fact that it is a variable disease with many different causes and different symptoms. A treatment plan is determined mainly by the form of cardiomyopathy, the child’s age, and their heart status.