10 Facts About Children’s Cardiomyopathy


10 Facts about Children’s Cardiomyopathy – from the Children’s Cardiomyopathy Foundation.

  • Cardiomyopathy is a chronic illness of the heart muscle that causes the heart to decrease its ability to pump blood. In severe cases, it can lead to heart failure.
  • There are five forms of cardiomyopathy: dilated (DCM), hypertrophic (HCM), restrictive (RCM), arrhythmogenic right ventricular (ARVC) cardiomyopathy, and left ventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy (LVNC). Each of these forms is based on a different part of the heart muscle being affected.
  • Cardiomyopathy can affect any child.
  • Symptoms of cardiomyopathy may be different depending on the form of cardiomyopathy. For example, if a child has dilated cardiomyopathy, their symptoms may include shortness of breath, fatigue, and swelling in different areas of the body.
  • Cardiomyopathy can be a genetically inherited disease, acquired from a viral infection, or caused by cancer chemotherapy.
  • Cardiomyopathy is a chronic disease without any cure currently. 
  • Cardiomyopathy is the leading cause for children needing to receive heart transplants.
  • When Cardiomyopathy is undiagnosed, it can lead to a higher risk of a child experiencing a sudden cardiac arrest.
  • Many children with Cardiomyopathy experience activity restrictions and psychosocial issues.
  • Treating pediatric cardiomyopathy is complicated due to the fact that it is a variable disease with many different causes and different symptoms. A treatment plan is determined mainly by the form of cardiomyopathy, the child’s age, and their heart status.